About Us

Hemel Hempstead Rifle Club is a not for profit local club established in the 1930's.

We offer facilities for the pursuit of Target Rifle Shooting at all skill levels, from basic beginners, right through to national and international standard competitors for both men and women.

Junior membership is available for those between 12 and 18 years, with Adult membership for those 18 years and over.

We are very 'safety' conscious and all new members are taught how to handle firearms and ammunition in a safe and competent way, including 'club' rules, that have to be adhered to . For novices we are able to teach the basic skills and gradually increase their knowledge as their ability improves, for highly skilled markspersons we can utilise regional and national coaching facilities to help them improve.

The Club has rifles and basic equipment for members and visitors use, so there is no need to buy any equipment whilst evaluating if the sport is for you. Like most sports, once committed members usually want to get their own equipment, though this is not mandatory.

The Club is able to supply ammunition for members use whilst on the range.

We do however recommend that you purchase a good quality set of 'ear defenders' to protect your hearing, though the club does have these for members and visitors use.

The key focus is on enjoyment of the sport, not on performance, the club understands that not everyone is able to, or wants to shoot to international standards.

For those not wishing to shoot competitively, we offer friendly facilities and coaching to ensure our members enjoy the sport at the level they are comfortable at.

For those with a 'competitive streak', we run friendly, club competitions for all standards, many on a 'handicap' scoring system, we use the 'Macrae' Scoring System, which modifies each score as a factor of that score compared to their average, this system is widely accepted within the sport, and makes it very fair when shooters of differing skills shoot in the same competition. The Club enters teams for county and national competitions.

Please Note:

The Club does not have an 'Air weapons' section yet however we are currently reviewing this and will update the website should this change.

We are not a 'commercial club', the officers run the club on a voluntary basis, fees are designed to cover costs only, neither do we have any bar, catering or other facilities for entertaining.

We get enquiries for 'shooting lessons', as a 'club' we support and tutor our own members and bona fide visitors, but we do not offer these services to non-members on an 'ad hoc' basis

Should you have any questions not covered below, please feel free to contact us.

So what!, we all had to start somewhere, the Club is for the ENJOYMENT of the sport, we do not select potential members on pure performance. You are free to choose what standard you wish to aspire to, we want you to enjoy shooting to whatever standard you are comfortable with.
Junior Membership is available for those between 12 and 18 years, you would need to be accompanied by a adult whilst at the range, maybe a good opportunity to get them to start shooting.
The club has equipment for use by its' members, so rifles, sights, spotting scopes, jackets, gloves etc. are available for loan , later on you may wish to acquire your own rifle, but it is not mandatory or necessary.
The club is for the 'enjoyment' of the sport, we all have different abilities, and the club does not differentiate on abilities, but will give all assistance it can for those wishing to improve their skills.
We shoot various calibres of rifle most have virtually no recoil, if you wish to shoot the larger calibres you will be given proper coaching and tuition to ensure you do not hurt yourself. Anyone who experiences problems with recoil can use a 'recoil pad' to ease the effect, these are very effective, and many small framed female shooters find them beneficial.
If you shoot at the club and obey the club rules, there should be no health hazard, Hearing protection must be used when in the vicinity of any type of shooting including target shooting. Lead dust is controlled by range ventilation.
Shooting is not a 'physical' sport; just because you cannot run a 'sub 4 minute mile' will not preclude you, you just need to be able to 'control' your body.. 'Mind over Matter'.
Yes, target shooting uses the brains ability to assess concentric circles, not visual acuity, glasses can be worn whilst target shooting.
No, members do not need a 'FAC' to join, and remain as members, later if you wish to buy your own rifle you will need to get one.
You cannot buy or store ammunition unless you have a FAC. However as a member, the club can supply ammunition for your use whilst on the club range.
Great, so you wish to have a try to see if you like it. Just go to our contact page and arrange a visit, and try the sport without any obligations
With regards to eligibility; Section 21 of the Firearms Act 1968 makes it an offence for anyone to own, borrow, posses or hire firearms and ammunition for specific periods, who -
Has been sentenced to imprisonment or to youth custody or detention in a young offenders institution for three months or more.
Or has been sentenced to imprisonment of three. months or more where the sentence is suspended.
The period for which the person is prohibited depends on their length of sentence.
Has been sentenced to a period of imprisonment of 3 months or over, but less then 3 years,
The prohibition period is 5 years from the date of their release.
Has been sentenced to 3 months or more where the sentence is suspended,
The prohibition period is 5 years, beginning with the second day after which the sentence is passed.
Has been sentenced to 3 years imprisonment or more,
The prohibition period is for life.

Hemel Hempstead Rifle Club is bound by these regulations. If you wish to challenge them please take legal advice, your challenge must be directed to the Police Firearms Licensing Unit and not Hemel Hempstead Rifle Club.

In order to comply with Home Office Regulations your email must state whether or not you have a criminal record that prevents you from handling firearms and ammunition.

Main Costs

The cost of Membership is reviewed at each AGM so is subject to change. The costs of Range Hire is outside our control. Similarly, ammunition is supplied from commercial manufactures and distributors, over which we have no control.

For the current Club year, October 2019 to Sep 2020 the following fees are applicable.


Full club membership is £84 per year, with a 50% reduction for juniors (£42) and includes associate membership of the NSRA and NRA.
New/Probationary membership is the same at £84 per year with an additional up-front cost of £50 to cover the additional training that we provide for our new members to enable them to participate and even compete at a decent standard.

Green Fees

Green Fees are payable every time you shoot and are currently,

£5-00 for Small Bore Shooting

£18-00 for full bore shooting

Competition Entry Fees

When entering Competitions there is normally a small fee levied by the organiser to cover the administration costs which is normally passed to the competitor.


Ammunition is available in various qualities and prices but is typically:

£6.00 to £11.00 per 50 rounds for 0.22
£0.35 to £1.20 per round for 7.62mm

FAC holders are free to use their own ammunition.

The Club will always strive to provide the most cost effective ammunition commensurate with performance and consistency for the members ability.

Small Bore Rifles (sometimes referred to as Rimfire) refers to the calibre of the firearm.


  • 0.22 inches or 5.58mm
  • 0.177 inches 4.49mm


The Calibre or size of hole in the rifle barrel that the projectile or bullet passes through is usually 0.22 inches or 5.58mm, but some are 0.177 inches 4.49mm.

As the diameter of the bullet is relatively small, leads to the nomenclature of a 'Small Bore Rifle'.

These are also referred to as 'Rimfire', this is a reference to the 'firing mechanism', the firing pin hits the rim of the cartridge, initiating the ignition process.

Small Bore Rifles are considered 'low power' with light weight bullets typically 35 grains, and are usually restricted to sub-sonic speeds 1050 feet per second (716 miles per hour) or 320 metre per second which is Mach 0.93.

These bullets are usually considered very accurate up to 100 yards/metres though are capable of traveling considerably further.

These rifles are easy to handle, have negligible recoil, with modest noise levels.

The skills required for target shooting are not calibre dependant, so starting with 'Small Bore Rifles' will teach you all the skills and techniques suitable for all calibres.

Typically we shoot at 25, 50 and 100yds, as the 'distance' or 'range' increases allowances have to made for 'bullet drop' (gravity pulls them towards the centre of the earth) and any 'wind' affecting the flight of the bullet.

When shooting you are monitoring and controlling your body movements, muscles, breathing etc monitoring the wind and making corrections as required.

It is a sport that requires great control, both physical and mental, and you are always striving to improve on your previous performance.

Unlike some sports, physical condition and fitness is not a pre-requisite, whatever your shape, size or condition, you will be able to shoot to a level only limited by your desire to achieve.

We usually shoot in the evenings, on a weekday, the range is located close to Hemel Hempstead, and does not have public transport access.

Sometimes referred to as 'Centre Fire Rifles' this is a reference to the firing mechanism where the 'firing pin' strikes the centre of the cartridge, and initiates the ignition of the propellant.


  • 0.223 inches or 5.56mm
  • 0.3 inches or 7mm


Full Bore Rifles originally referred to the size of the hole in the barrel. In the early days of firearm evolvement the bores were quite large 0.5 inches and bigger. Now it refers to the energy or power, as the actual 'bores can be as small as 0.223 inches or 5.56mm, but typically they are around 0.3 inches or 7mm.

The bullets are much heavier, typically a 7.62mm bullet would be about 155 grains, travel at around 2600 feet per second ( 1,774 Miles per hour) or 792 metres per second which is Mach 2.31...actually faster than Concorde, which flew just under Mach 2, what was the advertising hype? 'faster than a speeding bullet'....hmm.

These rifles are shot over much longer distances, they are accurate to, and used at up to 1200 yards, but will travel considerably further.

Having greater velocity and greater bullet weight than their 'small bore' counterparts, these do have noticeable recoil and are noisier. As a guide, they are similar in recoil and noise to a '12 bore shotgun' which many people shoot without problem.

The skills required to shoot these calibres are exactly the same as for 'small bore rifles' so many shoot both types.

Shooting over these longer distances, requires the marksman to be more aware of the wind blowing on all parts of the range, the direction and strength and has to continually make corrections.

Like the 'small bore bullets', these to are subject to 'gravity' so corrections have to be made for distance.

Currently we shoot these calibres at the NRA ranges in Bisley Surrey, which offers a wide range of facilities for many types of shooting.

So how does it all work?

Our scientific guide on firing a rifle
Shooting gun


The function of the rifle is to safely send the bullet on its way at a consistent speed and direction each time, so the trajectory of the bullet is predictable. The rifle has a Barrel, a Chamber, a Firing Mechanism and a Method of Reloading.

Barrel rifling


The barrel has to control the initial acceleration of the bullet and stabilise it so when it goes into 'free flight', it will continue in a predictable manner.

Barrels are made from metal, cannons were originally made from 'Gunmetal' a form of Bronze' but now steel is used. A hole is made down the middle, Gunsmiths had to work out a technique to make this hole accurately, straight and of consistent size, to do this they developed a technique known as 'gun drilling', conventional 'Morse' (twist) drills often 'wander' when drilling deep holes, so are not suited.

Early guns firing solid projectiles (Musket balls) were found to have inconsistent flight paths, hence very inaccurate, research let to better bullet shape (look to nature, a birds body, a fish), and it was also found that by 'spinning' it, introduced a 'gyroscopic' force that was found to introduce great stability in the bullets flight.

To spin the bullet a form of 'thread' is cut into the barrel known as 'Rifling', so as the bullet travels down it, the rifling causes it to rotate, so when it leaves the barrel it is also spinning at high speed creating this 'Gyroscopic' force.

So when a Gunsmith 'drills' a barrel it is made slightly 'undersize' and the 'rifling' is cut into this barrel, so when the bullet passes down, it is slightly deformed by the 'undersize' barrel and 'gripped' by the rifling.

The pitch of the Rifling is quoted as 'Twist in inches' so a 1 in 12 has one twist in twelve inches of barrel length. The amount of twist is specific to barrel length, bullet speed and bullet weight.

For Barrels fitted to sporting guns, weight can be problematic as carrying over long periods can be very tiring, so these barrels are often manufactured to keep the outside diameter to a minimum size consistent with structural safety.

The opposite occurs with Target rifles, carrying is not normally a problem, and any added weight adds to the 'Mass' of the rifle, the more the mass increases, the greater is the inherent stability, which aids accuracy, so 'Target Barrels' are often two or three times the size of similar calibre 'sporting Rifles'.

Gun chamber


The chamber is usually part of the barrel and shaped to hold a cartridge. When a cartridge is fired, the chamber must contain the high pressure, very hot gasses, then allow the 'Bullet' to enter the barrel and finally keep those gasses from escaping rearwards or sideways, and continue to pushing the bullet up the barrel.

The Chamber is constructed of substantial material typically Carbon or Alloy Steel, as it has to safely contain the very high pressures generated, typically 60,000 psi (26.8 Tons per square inch) to compare, your car tyre is inflated to 30 psi (0.013 Tons per square inch). On some weapons it is separate from, but attached to, the Barrel, often they are screwed together.

aluminum action The inside of the chamber is made to be a good fit for the cartridge, and is shaped to the precise profile of that cartridge, and can only be used with that cartridge.

This is an action showing the bolt partially opened, with a 'locking lug' visible, also see the threading where it screws into the barrel.

bolt The action with the bolt removed, the two large 'lugs' are for locking the action shut, the bolt head shows the recess to fit the cartridge and the extractor claw, the hole in the centre is for the 'firing pin' currently retracted inside the bolt.

Every chamber has to be designed and manufactured for a specific cartridge, and before use has to be tested and certified safe by the 'Proof House' who will mark it with the maximum pressure the weapon has been tested to for safe use.

Trigger mechanism

Firing Mechanism

Coupled to the Chamber is a firing mechanism, this is often 'moveable' to allow the 'loading' and 'unloading'. A common firing mechanism is a 'Bolt', less common would be a 'Falling Block' (Martini Action). Self loading weapons have to operate in a different manner (usually sliding against a spring) as they use some of the energy to 'cycle' the reloading mechanism.

This firing mechanism forms part of the 'Chamber' to contain the cartridge and the high pressure gasses on firing, so will have some form of 'locking' device to hold it in the closed position.

The bolt has 'locking lugs' to hold it in the closed position when firing. when the bolt is opened by rotating it these lugs 'unlock and allow the bolt to move backwards. The whole Action must be able to withstand the vey high pressure generated on firing.

The firing pin passes through the bolt, with a extension of the 'pin' projecting downwards, which engages with the 'trigger sear'. When the bolt is closed, the trigger sear catches the firing pin and holds it, as the bolt continues to be moved forwards the firing pin spring compresses. On firing, the trigger sear drops allowing the spring to accelerate the firing pin into the cartridge base, detonating the primer and initiating the ignition of the powder.

It is crucial that the 'firing mechanism' is 'reliable' as it must not operate 'accidentally'. Safety catches are fitted, and generally work in one of two ways, firstly by stopping the trigger from being moved, however, this does not stop the trigger sear from accidently releasing the firing pin if the weapon is jolted. The second way the safety catch can work is to stop the trigger sear from moving, thus preventing accidental firing when the weapon is 'jolted', however 'accidental firing' can occur when the safety catch is switched off.

Another 'Action' this one has the bolt closed, and 'locked' the firing mechanism (Pin) is held back by a trigger sear, when the trigger is operated, the sear drops releasing the firing pin, which is driven forward by a spring and hits the 'primer cap' in the end of the cartridge.


Method of Reloading

Once fired, a cartridge case has to be removed, the firing mechanism has to opened and an 'ejection' mechanism pulls the case out of the chamber, and, if required, a new cartridge is fed into the chamber.

With a bolt, the action of opening it will drag a cartridge case with it (an extractor claw is used to grip the case), a falling action clears the rear of the case then it is 'flipped' out of the chamber. Semi autos usually use the gasses traveling rearwards to 'push' the case out, and push the 'action' back, to cycle the 'cocking' and feed a new cartridge, the action is closed by the 'spring' action.

Most 'Target' rifles are 'single shot' where only one cartridge is available to fire, once fired, it has to be ejected, and when ready, a new cartridge is put into the chamber by 'hand'.

The image shows a schematic showing a magazine holding the ammunition and the cycling of the bolt slides the top cartridge into the chamber, on the next cycle the fired case is withdrawn and ejected and the next cartridge pushed into the chamber.

For sporting rifles, the need to reload and take a second shot quickly can be important... imagine a 'raging bull' running at you, and you have just missed with your first shot...

A bulk supply of cartridges can be held in a 'Magazine' which clips into the rifle, and each time the 'action' is cycled, it picks up a new cartridge from the magazine, and feeds it into the chamber, this is a quick and efficient way of reloading.



Typically this small innocent looking 'bullet' (as its often referred to) has four components, Case, Primer, Propellant and Bullet (projectile or Missile) Case, some are manufactured as 'single use', others are 're-useable'.

Cutaway cartridge Typically made from brass as it is a 'malleable' metal and will expand (until it touches the chamber) when subjected to the high pressure experienced on firing, and relax to near original size after, allowing it to be easily removed after firing.

Draw set The case is manufactured by precisely forming the case over accurate dies to give it consistent shape, size and thickness. This is quite a complex process and requires many different stages to for the correct shape.

In the image we see the series of steps from the starting brass billet, gradually being formed into the shape and finishing with the fully formed case

When being reused, the case has to be 're-sized' over accurate dies to ensure the case has the correct dimensions for its next life cycle, at the same time the old primer is pushed out of its hole and it now ready to receive a new one.

The case is the means of containing the 'propellant' powder, the primer to ignite it and position the bullet head for it to feed into the barrel.



The primer can either be a separate component, or manufactured as part of the case. It is a chemical compound, that is 'unstable' and will, on the absorption of 'energy', spontaneously ignite, thus initiate the ignition of the 'propellant powder'

On 'Rim fire' cartridges, the primer compound is coated on the inside of the rim during manufacture, and on firing, the firing pin hits the rim of the case causing it to deform, the energy of this deformation is transferred to the inside of the case, the 'movement' of this 'primer' compound causes chemical changes, and being 'unstable' it bursts into flame, and thus ignites the main powder charge.

Primer ignition With 'Centre fire' Cartridges, a hole is incorporated in the centre of the base, to which is fitted a 'Primer cap', a small device usually made from brass and is an 'interference fit' to the hole, and coated, on the inside, with the 'primer compound', the inside of this cap is aligned with a small passageway into the cartridge case known as the 'flash-hole'. On firing, the firing pin distorts the cap, this distortion is transferred to the inside, starting the ignition, this small explosion forces a flame through the 'flash hole' and into the powder initiating the burning of the main propellant.


Propellant Powder

This is the 'energy source' that propels the 'bullet head' at high speed.

Gun Powder has been around for quite some time now with the Chinese using it for centuries.

Nitro-glycerine was synthesized in Italy by Sobrero IN 1847 and was subsequently developed by Nobel in Norway as an Industrial Explosive. Initially it was unsuitable as a firearm propellant as it 'detonated' and built up too much pressure too quickly and would 'shatter' a weapon. It was also found unsuitable as an 'explosive' for practical battlefield use as it was 'unstable' and difficult to transport, as it was prone to spontaneous detonation when treated 'roughly'.

The discovery of 'guncotton' by Swiss chemist Schonbein in 1846, allowed further development of coating it with Nitro-glycerine, which was more stable, and burnt more progressively (slower), making it more suitable as a propellant, as opposed to an explosive .

If you put this powder on a tray and ignite it, it will burn relatively slowly giving off gas and smoke, however put this same powder in a confined space and ignite it, it will burn rapidly, and generate high volumes of gas, this gas being constrained starts to increase the internal pressure, eventually it forces the bullet head out of the cartridge, and still expanding pushes the bullet up the barrel.

The speed of powder burn can be controlled in manufacture, so we need to match the burn rate to the bullet weight and barrel length, we need to match all so that the full pressure is achieved just before the bullet exits the barrel, so all the energy is used to accelerate the bullet, any residual burn after the bullet has left the barrel, will not accelerate the bullet but just cause noise and 'muzzle flash'

The pressures generated in a cartridge is well above those we have probably experienced or can imagine. We are familiar with car tyres, which are inflated to 30 psi (pounds per square inch). We are all subject to 'Atmospheric' air pressure 14.5 psi and know that WW2 'submarines' were crushed at depths of 600 ft or 20 atmospheres or 290 psi. So we now have to think about pressures of 60,000 psi which is a typical pressure generated in a 7.62mm cartridge, and this pressure would accelerate the bullet from stationary in the chamber to speeds of 2,600 fps (Feet per Second) by the time it exits the barrel typically some 26 inches in length.

The picture shows a high speed photograph of a bullet leaving a barrel, the remnants of the powder burn are clearly visible, as are small particles of lead, probably sheared off the bullet head by the rifling. The bullet head clearly shows the 'rifling marks' on the side.

Bullet Head

Bullet heads are manufactured for two main categories, Low powered, and High powered rifles.

Low Powered rifles are able to fire 'Lead' bullets, (actually an alloy of lead).

For High Powered rifles, to achieve the 'power' we have to use much faster bullet speeds (energy E=1/2 M V2 ) however, the higher the speed the bullet travels down the barrel, the more heat it will generate, eventually it will have gained enough heat to 'melt' any 'lead' bullet. To overcome this, a 'jacket' is made of a harder material and one with a higher melting point (typically Copper), this jacket is then filled with a 'Lead' alloy, which gives us the 'Jacketed bullets' that are used in all rifles with 'High Power' or 'Fast' bullet speeds.

Over the years, much research has gone into the shape, and the 'boat tail' seems to be a good design, the trailing edge has a very dominant effect on the flight of the bullet, just look at a bird or torpedo, unfortunately we cannot 'drive' such a shape down a barrel, as the gasses will bypass the base and try to squeeze down the side, so the bullet has to have a portion of the tail in a 'flat' shape.

Every barrel will have a 'natural resonance' when fired, so for accurate shooting, the bullets weight, size, shape and speed have to be 'matched' to the barrel. Many 'top' marksmen spend a considerable amount of time researching what works best.

Sub-Sonic vs Super-sonic

When a bullet flies 'subsonic' the sound waves travel quicker so are always ahead, thus cannot affect it. Conversely, when travelling 'Super-Sonic' the bullet travels faster than the sound waves, so arrives at its destination ahead of the initial report of the weapon firing so again the bullet is always ahead of the sound waves, so again the sound waves cannot affect it.

However if a bullet starts its' journey 'Super-Sonic' then slows down to 'Sub-sonic' speeds, the sound waves will catch up with, then overtake the bullet. When this occurs, the flight of the bullet will now be seriously affected, and its directional stability compromised, as the 'shock wave' 'buffets' it, so will no longer travel in a predictable direction. So we must ensure that all 'Super-Sonic' bullets remain supersonic for their whole journey.


Firearm usage can be categorised into three main groups:

  1. Warfare
  2. Game/Vermin shooting
  3. Target Shooting

With the exception of warfare, the shooting of our fellow human beings is not an objective and must be avoided at all costs, hence our whole ethos must be to strive for 100% safety when handling firearms and ammunition.

When looking at historical incidents resulting in injury or death, a very disturbing, but common, statement from the person discharging the firearm is...'I did not realise it was loaded' so this leads us the fundamental principle for safety when handling firearms and ammunition... Always handle a weapon with the assumption it 'could be loaded', never point it at a 'Non Target' and 'never be frivolous'.

Safety Issues

Unless a person has received and fully understood a full safety briefing and has become 'familiar' with the weapon, they must not handle or be allowed to use that firearm and/or ammunition.

Rule 1

Ensure you know how to safely use the weapon and all it's features.

All weapons must be stored and transported in an 'unloaded state', and if possible, with the firing mechanism removed, or the weapon dismantled in an acceptable manner to demonstrate it is 'un-fireable', and if possible with a 'safe flag' inserted into the chamber.

Rule 2

Always ensure weapons are unloaded before storing, handling and transporting. When handed a weapon always check that it is unloaded, regardless of what you have been assured.

All weapons on a 'range' or 'organised shoot' should normally be kept unloaded, and only loaded when the shooter is on the firing point, with the weapon pointing at the target, and the Range Conducting Officer or person in charge of a 'shoot' has given permission to commence firing.
Always take care when loading a weapon ensuring it is pointing in a safe direction, occasionally they will 'Slam Fire' on closing the bolt/action without warning.
All weapons must be unloaded when each shooting detail has finished, a 'safe flag' inserted into the breach (to demonstrate to that the weapon is unloaded and safe), or the gun be 'opened' or partially dismantled, thus preventing it from being fired accidentally.

Rule 3

Only load a weapon when instructed, just prior to shooting with the barrel pointing downrange in a 'safe direction' and unload and make safe immediately on finishing that detail.

When moving about a range or organised shoot, always carry weapons in such a manner that they NEVER point at another person, even when in a 'safe condition', This would normally be in an upright position.
NEVER point a weapon at anybody or anything that you do not intend to shoot, even in jest with a safe flag in position.

Rule 4

Never point a weapon at anybody or 'thing' that you do intend on shooting. Never be frivolous with weapons.

Always stop shooting if a 'Cease Fire, 'Stop Shooting' or 'Stop' command is heard, and make the weapon safe by unloading and inserting a 'safety flag', and await further instructions from the RCO or person in charge.
Shooting must immediately cease if anyone or a 'non-target animal' is seen in the 'danger area' i.e. in the general direction of the 'target'.
When shooting game or vermin, you must always establish that the shot will go safely into the ground in an area visible to the shooter who can see it is safe. Never shoot into hedges, over the brow of a hill or into dense woodland.

Rule 5

Always stop shooting, unload and make safe if any commands to 'STOP' are given by anyone, or if you see it has become unsafe to continue firing.

If after releasing the trigger the weapon fails to fire, keep the weapon pointing at the target, DO NOT OPEN it or attempt to unload it, call for the RCO and inform them of your 'Misfire'. The RCO will instruct you on the correct action.
Sometimes, ammunition is 'slow' to ignite after firing, due to failures in the chemicals used, so an unknown delay could occur with the firing of the 'bullet'.
When a miss-fire occurs the RCO will follow established procedures to make the ammunition safe, always follow these instructions.

Rule 6

When the weapon fails to fire, keep it pointing at the target, do not open/unload and call the RCO/organiser.

Ammunition is fired by the action of a 'firing pin' striking the cartridge case, therefore we must ensure when handling this ammunition we do not accidentally subject it to such pressure by dropping, banging, knocking etc. Likewise excessive heat could initiate a detonation.

Rule 7

Always treat live ammunition with care, as it has the potential to 'detonate' if handled incorrectly.

Safety Catches fitted to weapons are rarely 100% safe, many only stop the trigger movement, but will allowed a loaded weapon to fire if dropped, banged or jolted. The act of switching a safety catch off, can allow the weapon to fire instantaneously and without warning.

Rule 8

The only truly safe weapon is an 'unloaded' one.

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In order to comply with Home Office Regulations, your email must state whether or not you have a criminal record that prevents you from handling firearms and ammunition. If you are unsure, please check our Common Questions: Am I eligible to be a member.